CRIME – BETWEEN CONCEPT AND DEFINITION IN THE EUROPEAN UNION
Keywords:member states, crime, criminal code, criminal procedural code, institution
The present paper presents itself as a comparison between criminal legislation that exist within the EU territory, as well as a theoretical analysis of some criminal law institutions which entails reverberations in the criminal procedural law as well. But these follow-ups go beyond these aspects.
The theoretical steps that were assumed by this paper also knows profound practical implications, thus going beyond the abstract realm of theory and into practice, proving once again how important it is to posses the neccesary knowledge when it comes to compared law and not only that, but also the importance of that knowledge.
The legislator cannot and should not remain indifferent regarding the signaled situations alongside this paper thus imposing the need to straighten, where neccesary, the impossible or contradictory situations.
Bodea, R., Bodea, B., Drept penal. Partea specială, editura Hamangiu, București, 2018;
Mirișan, V., Domocoș, C.A., Drept penal – partea generală, ediția a VI-a, Universul Juridic, București, 2019;
Pătrăuș, M., Drept instituțional european – curs universitar, editura ProUniversitaria, București, 2018;
Udroiu, M., Drept penal. Parte generală, sinteze și grile – ediția 5, editura C.H. Beck, București, 2018, p.83, p. 449 - 461 * Udroiu, M., Drept penal. Parte specială, sinteze și grile – ediția 5, editura C.H. Beck, București, 2018.
Tratatul privind Uniunea Europeană, available at https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/RO/TXT/HTML/?uri=CELEX:12012E/TXT&from=ro;
Tratatul de la Lisabona, available at https://www.europarl.europa.eu/factsheets/ro/sheet/5/tratatul-de-la-lisabona;
Codurile penale din statele membre ale Uniunii Europene, available at https://codexpenal.just.ro/codex.html;
Codul penal al Republicii Cehe, available at https://codexpenal.just.ro/laws/Cod-Penal-Cehia-RO.html;
Codul penal al Republicii Slovace, available at https://codexpenal.just.ro/laws/Cod-Penal-Slovacia-RO.html;
Valorile morfologice ale cuvântului „și” în gramatica limbii române, available at https://www.academia.edu/8203811/CUVINTE_CU_VALORI_MORFOLOGICE_MULTIPLE.
Consulted normative acts:
The Constitution of Romania;
Act no. 286/2009 regarding the Criminal code of Romania, updated, published in the Official Journal of Romania, no. 510 from 24.07.2009;
Act no. 135/2010 regarding the Criminal Procedural code of Romania, updated, published in the Official Journal of Romania, no. 486 from 15.06.2010;
Act no. 24/2000 regarding the technical legislative norms for elaborating the normative acts, updated, published i teh Ofiicial Journal of Romania, no. 260 from 21.04.2010;
The Treaty regarding the European Union;
The Treaty regarding the functioning og the European Union;
The Chart of the fundamental rights of the European Union;
The European Convention of the Human Rights.
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