The offense of violating the legal provisions regarding the conflict of interests in the case of companies with legal personality
Keywords:conflict of interests, company with legal personality, administrator, favoring certain persons.
At the conflict of interests designates, in the general sense, that situation in which, when making a decision or participating in the deliberation process for making a decision, a person has a personal patrimonial interest that may have influence regarding the objective fulfillment of the duties assigned to him according to the legislation in force.
Both in European and domestic legislation, when the conflict of interests is regulated, a distinction is made between persons exercising public dignities and offices and persons exercising their duties within companies with legal personality in the private sector. Of course, in the case of persons who exercise certain dignities or public offices, the principle of the supremacy of the public interest must be respected, which is why, in the case of these persons, the legal regime of the conflict of interests is much more restrictive, unlike the case of persons who carry out their activity in the private sector, in which case they receive the interest of the legal entity within which they exercise their duties. In other words, a distinction must be made between conflict of interests in the public domain and conflict of interests in the private domain.
Considering the particularities and special importance of the legal regime regarding the conflict of interests in the private field, this paper proposes a detailed analysis of the way in which criminal protection is provided to the legal regime regarding the conflict of interests in the case of companies with legal personality. A clarification is made of the notions of incompatibility, indignity and conflict of interests, by highlighting the common characteristics and aspects that differentiate these notions, highlighting the particularities of the way of criminalizing the conflict of interests in the domestic legislation.
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