Romanian media and public's safety during information warfare


  • Carmen Ungur-Brehoi University of Oradea



media, public, information warfare, disinformation, propaganda.


Nowadays, wars are no longer fought exclusively on the front, but often, even more effectively, behind the front line, in a hybrid way, in the information environment. The Romanian mass media, like the international media, is recently more and more frequently assaulted by examples of disinformation, propaganda, cybernetic attacks. Is there information security for the Romanian reader during the international war? How sure is the reader that the data he has read is correct, credible, or truthful information? We will try to see the answer reflected in the case study regarding the media in current Romania, comparing a national newspaper, Adevarul, and a local one, Jurnal bihorean, on the use and definition of the chimera-phrase “hybrid war”.

Author Biography

Carmen Ungur-Brehoi, University of Oradea

PhD. Lecturer

Department of Journalism, FIRISPSC, University of Oradea


Ardelean, Florin, Istoria jurnalismului bihorean. Presa (1989-2000), Eikon Printing House, Bucharest, 2022;

Cîrmaciu Diana, Smit Ildico, Environmental protection in case of an armed conflict, Analele Universitatii din Oradea, Fascicula Protectia Mediului, ISSN 1224-6255, vol. XIII, an. 13, p. 411-417, CNCSIS cat. B+, International Symposium „Risk Factors for Environment and Food Safety” – Universitatea din Oradea, Facultatea de Protecţta Mediului, 2008, website:;

Nicolescu, Florina Mihaela, “Razboiul hibrid. Perspectiva conceptuala rusa”, in Intelligence in serviciul tau, 2017,, accessed on 01.11.2023;

Ungur-Brehoi, Carmen, “UE Foreign Threatenings: Banning Information Weapons Or Controlling The Freedom Of Information?” in Crisia, vol. L, Supliment nr. 1, Muzeul Tarii Crisurilor, Printing House Oradea, 2022, ISSN 1016-2798;

NATO Capstone Concept for the Military Contribution to Countering Hybrid Threats,, accessed on 01.11.2023.

EU Joint Framework to Counter Hybrid Threats,, accessed on 01.11.2023




How to Cite

Ungur-Brehoi, C. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (2023). Romanian media and public’s safety during information warfare. International Journal of Legal and Social Order, 3(1).



Social Order