More than wordplay: Human geography and human intelligence


  • Alexandru KIȘ University of Oradea



Alexandru KIȘ


This article delves into the critical role of geography in military operations and intelligence, examining the significance of geographical features in military strategies and engagements. The focus is directed towards human geography and its intricate connection with intelligence operations. Population demographics, cultural diversity, and societal dynamics play a pivotal role in shaping intelligence collection and analysis.

The final part of the paper takes a forward-looking perspective, exploring the evolving landscape of Human Intelligence (HUMINT) within the anthroposphere of the future. It delves into how intelligence agencies adapt to an ever-changing world, where geography remains a constant but is coupled with digital advancements, global connectivity, and emerging threats.

Author Biography

Alexandru KIȘ , University of Oradea

PhD., Associate Professor


Official documents

Concise Oxford English Dictionary, 12th edition, 2011;

Headquarters, Department of the Army, FM 3-05.40 (FM 41-10) Civil Affairs Operations, September 2006;

Joint Publications 2-01.3, Joint Intelligence Preparation of the Operational Environment, 21 May 2014,;

National Research Council, Rediscovering Geography: New Relevance for Science and Society, Washington, DC, The National Academies Press,, 1997;

NATO STANDARD Allied Joint Publication-10.1 Allied Joint Doctrine for Information Operations, Edition A Version 1 with UK national elements, January 2023, uploads/attachment_data/file/1175076/20230724-AJP_10_1_Info_Ops_web.pdf;

UK MOD Development, Concepts and Doctrine Centre, Joint Doctrine Publication 04, Understanding and Decision-making, second edition, December 2016, uploads/attachment_data/file/584177/doctrine_uk_understanding_jdp_04.pdf.

Research papers

Eikmeier, Dale C.; Iova, Titel. Factor Analysis. A Valuable Technique in Support of Mission Analysis, in Military Review, September-October 2021, /SO-21/eikmeier-factor-analysis/eikmeier.pdf;

Huggett, Richard; Lindley, Sarah; Gavin, Helen; Richardson, Kate. Physical geography – a Human Perspective, Arnold-London, distrib. in the USA by Oxford University Press Inc., New York, 2004;

Kis, Alexandru, Human Security (re)consideration by NATO, în Studia Securitatis - Security Studies Magazine, no. 2/2022, volume XVI, ISSN 2821-5966;

Kis, Alexandru, NATO și securitatea umană, Editura Universității din Oradea, 2012;

Kis, Alexandru. A projection of the cognitive warfare in Human Intelligence, under publication in the proceedings of the international conference STRATEGIES XXI, National Defence University Carol I, 27-28 June 2023, Bucharest,

Kis, Alexandru. Human Security – a cross-cutting topic in military operations. A study case for HUMINT in NATO, under evaluation for participation in the international conference ”Human Security. Theoretical approaches and practical applications”, organized by “Lucian Blaga” University, Sibiu, 27 October 2023;

Mattelaer, Alexander. Rediscovering geography in NATO defence planning, in Defence Studies, issue no. 3, 2018;

Neguţ, Silviu. Geografia umană, Editura Academiei Române, Bucureşti, 2011;

Rausch, Sharla. Human Factors/ Behavioral Sciences Division: Research, Transition, Innovation, Head Behavioral Sciences Division Science and Technology Directorate U.S., Department of Homeland Security, May 2009,;

Shetler-Jones, Philip. Civil-Military Planning, in Lucius, G., Rietjens, S. (eds) Effective Civil-Military Interaction in Peace Operations, Springer, 2016, Cham.;

Simion, Eduard; Surdu, Răzvan (coordinators), Human Aspects in NATO Military Operations, NATO HUMINT Centre of Excellence, CNI Coresi SA, Oradea, 2014.

Websites Templates Oct 2017.pdf?ver=2017-10-19-131249-187




How to Cite

KIȘ , A. . (2023). More than wordplay: Human geography and human intelligence . International Journal of Legal and Social Order, 3(1).



Social Order